[EORE awareness in Pibor by CINA, UXO exposed after floods: Photo: Yol/CINA]

Gender-based violence (GBV) in emergencies

CINA has gained significant expertise in GBV programming using sector standards. CINA has strong GBV team capable of delivering quality, sensitive and principled GBV services in the context of South Sudan. CINA is currently implementing a GBV project (part of multi-cluster project) in Magwi Eastern Equatoria through interventions such as:

GBV case management: CINA has competent GBV caseworkers who manage cases of GBV survivors in line with agreed GBV principles and standards including cases identification, confidential interviews, case referrals, clinical management of rape (CMR) and reporting.



[Community stakeholders during GBV risks mitigation session in Duk: Photo: Deng/CINA]

GBV risks mitigation programming. CINA uses community-led approaches to address GBV risks and barriers to women and girl’s participation in the community, including stakeholders meeting, dialogues, men-led GBV campaigns, and radio messaging.

Management of GBV referral pathways. CINA GBV team are trained on development and management of safe GBV referral pathways in the community so that survivors timely access information and service

Distribution of fuel Efficient-Stoves interventions. This is one of key GBV risks mitigation interventions, which CINA’s team trained and undertook in consultation with women and community members.

Housing Land Property (HLP) Programming

CINA is has a team of legal experts trained in the implementation of HLP interventions in the community. CINA is currently implementing HLP as part of its multi cluster project in Magwi Eastern Equatoria. HLP activities conducted in line with local land tenure system and includes:

HLP rights awareness raising, in the community so that members get to know their HLP rights and when/where to seek support when violated

HLP needs assessments and monitoring: HLP needs are rampant in many areas across the country. Land evictions, high land fees, forceful occupation and lack of land space for IDPs. HLP assessments help in identifying the most vulnerable individual, and who get support through referrals, legal aid or documentation support.

Support to documentation: IDPs and returnees supported to secure land documents from authorities as required.

Legal aid and referral services and coordination. CINA refers land dispute cases to competent authorities for amicable resolutions, and provide follow up support for victims. CINA coordinates HLP issues with relevant stakeholders in the community.

Integrated protection mobile teams (IPMT)

CINA has been undertaking IPMT in collaboration with other mobile teams for the past 3 years. Prior coordination, planning, security checks and mission travels arrangements are coordinated with relevant stakeholders.

Mobile protection assessments and monitoring. CINA has been deploying mobile protection teams to hotpots in the country to conduct protection assessments and monitoring. The reports intended to inform protection and multi-sector response and advocacy.

Distribution of protection NFIs in hotspot areas. Case management during IPMT missions was provided inform of NFIs distribution to vulnerable children and adults. The items helped prevent protection threats faced by these vulnerable groups.

Mapping of services and development of referral pathways, at the community level, where individual members get access to services and information about availability if basic services.


CINA/SO3: Integrated Livelihoods and Food Security

Women economic empowerment

Protection of livelihoods, food security and nutrition for women through agricultural activities. CINA has built expertise in increasing household agricultural and livelihood products. From its past projects in Lakes (Awerial), PERLS project supported by NPA/NORAD, CINA trained 120 women farmer producer groups (FPGs) and provided them with farm inputs. CINA trained them on adoption and improvement of crop technologies and seed security.

Entrepreneurship and skills development (TVET) support through Saving and Internal Lending Committee. CINA worked increase and diversify income for 90 women-led households in Lakes through establishment/strengthening of 6 SILC groups (with 150 members) and support with soft grants, linkages of SILC producer groups with private sector buyers, provision of entrepreneurship skills, business and sales marketing training to 300 members of women SILC producer groups, as well as mentoring on processing and value addition techniques. In addition, trained 380 women on soap and lotion making and 36 women on tailoring and sewing services in Jonglei (Bor, Twic East and Duk).

Community-managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) CINA established/strengthen 3 CMDRR committees and trained 60 members on disaster risks and hazards identification, prioritization and community action plan development and implementation. CINA also established and strengthen fruit and nursery flowers garden targeting 458 FPG members.



[Women trained to produce bar soap in Twic East: Photo: Daniel/CINA]




[CINA PERLS Project Team (right) and SILC Producer Group left in Awerial: Photo:



[Onion and Kudra garden in Puluk in Awerial (left), farmer producer group clearing garden in Puluk, Photo: Gheng/CINA]



[Women in a tailoring training center in Bor: Photo: Adhieu/CINA]

Community engagement and advocacy

Stakeholders’ engagement: Through its YES WE CAN project, CINA works with community leaders and relevant stakeholders to promote equal rights opportunities for women and girls, protection from physical and sexual violence against women and girls and strive to reduce domestic violence including intimate partner violence.

Community dialogues. CINA convene dialogues and peer learning exchange to brainstorm and dialogue on barriers to women’s participation at community level, social norms such as child marriage and discrimination against women and girls.

Awareness raising. CINA conducts community theatre activities, radio messaging and public awareness targeting men and boys to promote behaviour change towards women empowerment.

Women leadership and influence. CINA provides leadership training, exchange visits, information sessions, advocacy and communication for women and girls champion to defend women and girls’ rights.



[CINA Assistant Director Exchanges farm demos lessons with women farmers in Arua, Uganda: Photo: Liz/CINA]

Integrated Education

Girls’ Education: CINA empowers women and girls socially by addressing barriers to education for girls, and increase opportunities for retention and transition for overage girls and young mothers and working with communities and education stakeholders to improve quality of education. CINA is currently implementing GESS II in Lakes (Awerial, Yirol East and Yirol West) as well as MYRP through Education Cannot Wait (ECW) Seed Fund and is providing:

Behavior change communication toward girls’ education

Provision of cash transfers to girls (CTs) for increased retention Provision of Capitation grants to schools

Quality education, learning materials and teacher training

Support to school’s governance and leadership

Safe schools programming and inclusive education including for children with disabilities, child soldiers, etc.

GBV risks audit in schools

Support to Alternative Education Systems (AES), including pastoralist education program (PEP) for overage girls and youth mothers and other marginalized children.

Support capacity of education managers and leaders in the state ministry of education

Provision of MHPSS to learners through child friendly spaces and community approaches.



[COVID-19 measures observed: Mother receive cash transfer for her daughter in Awerial: Photo:





[Girls in queue for receiving cash transfer in Yirol West: CINA/Mabor]

Integrated Health

  • Sexual and Reproductive Health: CINA promotes maternal and child health, antenatal care, adolescents sexual and reproductive health, curative services through primary healthcare and mobile clinics and Boma Health Initiative. CINA reached 42,000 beneficiaries in Tambura on integrated community healthcare in 2018-2019.
  • Risks communication and community engagement. Through its health promotion and health education on the risks of disease outbreaks such as Ebola, COVID-19 and Cholera, CINA reached 58,000 community members with risks communication messaging.
  • Primary health care services. CINA reached 21,000 community members with curative services inTambura through in 2018/2019 through running of 2 

Peace Building, Reconciliation and Trauma Healing

CINA has been implementing peace building activities targeting 1,800-armed youth in Bor, Twic East and Duk from 2011-2015 with funding from UNHCR and French Embassy in South Sudan. The Youth Livelihood Activities for peace focused on income generating activities for the targeted groups as a means to foster economic empowerment, financial independence and stoppage of intercommunal cattle related violence. Important themes such as trauma healing awareness, confidence and trust building integrated into business skills development, which promoted peaceful co-existence among the communities.

Critical Stakeholders

The first critical stakeholders of CINA are ‘our community in need’, that is, the children and their families affected by conflict and disasters. These include and not limited to IDP children and families (mother, caregivers and relatives) returnees and host communities affected by crisis. CINA works with community stakeholders, including the chiefs, women, youth and local administrators in its pursuance of local solutions. Other key stakeholders include the Government line ministries at national and state level (MoH, MoE, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Gender and Social Development, etc) RRC, humanitarian and development partners with whom we share similar objectives. In particular, CINA partners with UNHCR, OCHA, SSHF, UNDP, UNICEF, WFP, SCI, WCH, French Embassy in South Sudan, NGO Forum, and the Health Cluster, Protection Cluster, CPSC, Mine Action, FSL, Nutrition, etc.