Basis of comparative advantage

Through CINA South Sudan’s work with children and families affected by conflicts and disasters, the organization has developed certain qualities and a uniqueness, which has led to CINA South Sudan’s definition of core competences and sector focus and to the development of strategic priorities related to those as described below.


Integrated child protection in emergencies (CPiE)

For the last 10 years, CINA has developed a nice in child protection programming and has become one of leading NNGOs in this sector across the

country. CINA has implemented a number of child protection projects from 2011 to date in Jonglei (Bor, Duk, and Twic East), Lakes (Awerial, Yirol  East) and Central Equatoria (Juba POC 1 and 3) and has developed technical expertise in line with child protection standards including on:

  • Comprehensive case management including provision of family tracing and reunification (FTR) services for unaccompanied and separated children  (UASC). CINA reached 2,049 UASC with FTR services and 896 successfully reunified with their families.
  • Mental health and psychosocial support through running of child friendly spaces and community-based PSS approaches: CINA has reached 201, 218 children and their families with MHPSS and CP risks prevention services.
  • Community-based child protection mechanisms. CINA supported 11,200 members of CB-CP networks (including parents, teachers/PTAs/SMCs, chiefs, police, religious leaders, CBOs, local administrators, etc.) with CPiE, PSS/PFA and CP risks mitigation.
  • Child protection risks prevention interventions. CINA created critical impact in addressing child protection risks through behaviour change interventions such as community dialogue, stakeholders meeting and sensitization on issues of child abduction, family separation, child recruitment, child marriage, GBV against children, etc.).

Child protection needs assessments and coordination. CINA has strong local presence, knowledge of the local contexts and has been able to deploy child protection teams in hotspot areas to conduct child protection monitoring and assessments through both static response and field-based roving.

Family reunification of 11 children returned from Pibor, witnessed by Governor of Jonglei State: Photo: Makuei/CINA]

Integrated general protection in emergencies (GP)

CINA has gained significant expertise in implementing general protection programmes. CINA is a member of protection cluster strategic advisory group (SAG) and contribute to strategic direction of protection work in South Sudan. CINA undertakes key GP interventions, meeting the needs, protecting the rights, safety and dignity of the displaced, returnees, and host communities through:

  • Individual protection assistance (IPA) through cash-based intervention, case management and safe referrals. Using a prioritization criterion, 650 vulnerable most persons with specific needs (including elderly, persons with disabilities, widows, pregnant and lactating women, GBV survivors, HLP cases) received a total of USD 54,000 cash to cushion protection shocks they experience.
  • Community-based protection. CINA trained 450 members of community

based protection networks who have helped their community members get access to protection information, referral services, support in protection safety audits, psychosocial support, peaceful coexistence and social cohesion. Protection monitoring and assessments.

[Identification and prioritization of persons with specific needs for IPA in Bor: Photo Mabor/CINA]

CINA has competent staff trained to conduct rapid protection monitoring and analysis of the context across South Sudan.

  • Protection risks mitigation programming. CINA uses variety of tools to  deliver the most effective protection risks messaging, and reached 49,000 community members, including through public awareness, radio messaging, use of megaphones, social gatherings, community theatres, community dialogues and stakeholder meetings.

Explosive Ordnance Risk Education (EORE)

CINA has been implementing mine risk education (now known as EORE) since 2011 to date in Jonglei and Lakes. This is in line with CINA’s SOPs and NTSGs standards and guidelines as set by UNMAS and NMAA, following EORE team’s accreditation and tasking. CINA achieve safety of local populations from explosive hazards through:

  • Training of community liaison. CINA trained over 80 CLs on delivery of EORE messaging to community members
  • Training of Disabled People’s Organization. CINA trained 12 DPOs on EORE safety messaging
  • EORE awareness raising: CINA reached 175,000 children and community members on dangers and risks of explosive remnants of war (ERWs)
  • Hazards area and incidents reporting. CINA reported over 20 HAs and 18  incidents of ERWs and mines in Jonglei
  • Training of peer-to-peer educators. CINA provided EORE sessions to 50

peer-to-peer educators to reach their community members on EORE safety messages

  • EORE sessions for staff and humanitarian workers. CINA provided safety

EORE sessions to over 45 members of humanitarian staff in various organizations working in hotspots.

[EORE awareness in Pibor by CINA, UXO exposed after floods: Photo: Yol/CINA]

  • Gender-based violence (GBV) in emergencies

CINA has gained significant expertise in GBV programming using sector standards. CINA has strong GBV team capable of delivering quality, sensitive and principled GBV services in the context of South Sudan. CINA is currently implementing a GBV project (part of multi-cluster project) in Magwi Eastern Equatoria through interventions such as:

GBV case management: CINA has competent GBV caseworkers who manage cases of GBV survivors in line with agreed GBV principles and standards including cases identification, confidential interviews, case referrals, clinical management of rape (CMR) and reporting.

[Community stakeholders during GBV risks mitigation session in Duk: Photo: Deng/CINA

  • GBV risks mitigation programming. CINA uses community-led approaches to address GBV risks and barriers to women and girl’s participation in the community, including stakeholders meeting, dialogues, men-led GBV campaigns, and radio messaging.

Management of GBV referral pathways. CINA GBV team are trained on development and management of safe GBV referral pathways in the community so that survivors timely access information and service

Distribution of fuel Efficient-Stoves interventions. This is one of key GBV risks mitigation interventions, which CINA’s team trained and undertook in consultation with women and community members.

Housing Land Property (HLP) programming

  • CINA is has a team of legal experts trained in implementation of HLP interventions in the community. CINA is currently implementing HLP as part of its multi cluster project in Magwi Eastern Equatoria. HLP activities conducted in line with local land tenure system and includes:

    HLP rights awareness raising, in the community so that members get to know their HLP rights and when/where to seek support when violated

    HLP needs assessments and monitoring: HLP needs are rampant in many areas across the country. Land evictions, high land fees, forceful occupation and lack of land space for IDPs. HLP assessments help in identifying the most vulnerable individual, and who get support through referrals, legal aid or documentation support.

    Support to documentation: IDPs and returnees supported to secure land documents from authorities as required.

    Legal aid and referral services and coordination. CINA refers land dispute cases to competent authorities for amicable resolutions, and provide follow up support for victims. CINA coordinates HLP issues with relevant stakeholders in the community.

    • Integrated protection mobile teams (IPMT)

    CINA has been undertaking IPMT in collaboration with other mobile teams for the past 3 years. Prior coordination, planning, security checks and mission travels arrangements are coordinated with relevant stakeholders.

    Mobile protection assessments and monitoring. CINA has been deploying mobile protection teams to hotpots in the country to conduct protection assessments and monitoring. The reports intended to inform protection and multi-sector response and advocacy.

    Distribution of protection NFIs in hotspot areas. Case management during IPMT missions was provided inform of NFIs distribution to vulnerable children and adults. The items helped prevent protection threats faced by these vulnerable groups.

    Mapping of services and development of referral pathways, at the community level, where individual members get access to services and information about availability if basic services.


    CINA/SO3: Integrated Livelihoods and Food Security

    Women economic empowerment

    Protection of livelihoods, food security and nutrition for women through agricultural activities. CINA has built expertise in increasing household agricultural and livelihood products. From its past projects in Lakes (Awerial), PERLS project supported by NPA/NORAD, CINA trained 120 women farmer producer groups (FPGs) and provided them with farm inputs. CINA trained them on adoption and improvement of crop technologies and seed security.

    Entrepreneurship and skills development (TVET) support through Saving and Internal Lending Committee. CINA worked increase and diversify income for 90 women-led households in Lakes through establishment/strengthening of 6 SILC groups (with 150 members) and support with soft grants, linkages of SILC producer groups with private sector buyers, provision of entrepreneurship skills, business and sales marketing training to 300 members of women SILC producer groups, as well as mentoring on processing and value addition techniques. In addition, trained 380 women on soap and lotion making and 36 women on tailoring and sewing services in Jonglei (Bor, Twic East and Duk).

    Community-managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) CINA established/strengthen 3 CMDRR committees and trained 60 members on disaster risks and hazards identification, prioritization and community action plans development and implementation. CINA also established and strengthen fruit and nursery flowers garden targeting 458 FPG members.

[Women trained to produced bar soap in Twic East: Photo: Daniel/CINA]

[CINA PERLS Project Team (right) and SILC Producer Group left in Awerial: Photo: Enock/CINA]

[Onion and Kudra garden in Puluk in Awerial (left), farmer producer group clearing garden in Puluk, Photo: Gheng/CINA]

[Women in tailoring training center in Bor: Photo: Adhieu/CINA]

Community engagement and advocacy

Stakeholders’ engagement: Through its YES WE CAN project, CINA works with community leaders and relevant stakeholders to promote equal rights opportunities for women and girls, protection from physical and sexual violence against women and girls and strive to reduce domestic violence including intimate partner violence.

Community dialogues. CINA convene dialogues and peer learning exchange to brainstorm and dialogue on barriers to women’s participation at community level, social norms such as child marriage and discrimination against women and girls.

Awareness raising. CINA conducts community theatre activities, radio messaging and public awareness targeting men and boys to promote behaviour change towards women empowerment.

Women leadership and influence. CINA provides leadership training, exchange visits, information sessions, advocacy and communication for women and girls champion to defend women and girls’ rights.

[CINA Assistant Director Exchanges farm demos lessons with women farmers in Arua, Uganda: Photo: Liz/CINA]

CINA/SO2: Integrated Education

Girls’ Education: CINA empowers women and girls socially by addressing barriers to education for girls, and increase opportunities for retention and transition for overage girls and young mothers and working with communities and education stakeholders to improve quality of education. CINA is currently implementing GESS II in Lakes (Awerial, Yirol East and Yirol West) as well as MYRP through Education Cannot Wait (ECW) Seed Fund and is providing:

Behavior change communication towards girls’ education

Provision of cash transfers to girls (CTs) for increased retention Provision of Capitation grants to schools

Quality education, learning materials and teacher training

Support to school’s governance and leadership

Safe schools programming and inclusive education including for children with disabilities, child soldiers, etc.

GBV risks audit in schools

Support to Alternative Education Systems (AES), including pastoralist education program (PEP) for overage girls and youth mothers and other marginalized children.

Support capacity of education managers and leaders in the state ministry of education

Provision of MHPSS to learners through child friendly spaces and community approaches.